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Understanding Types of Insulation

Understanding Types Of Insulation

Insulation Project Guides

Insulation can be highly beneficial to cut your energy bill costs. Follow these professional procedures to best format your project. Starting from selecting the correct insulation for the room you are insulating to considering bigger factors such as looking into the region your construction is, a project guide will help eliminate unnecessary costs and help you stay on your proposed timeline.

Insulation - Types & Terminology

Fiberglass Batt

What is a Fiberglass Batt Insulation?

Johns Manville R38 16 Unfaced

Johns Manville R38 16 Unfaced

Fiberglass batt insulation is what you commonly find in residential attics. This insulation, just as the name indicates, is made of fine fibers of glass. The thick pad or blanket style is the type referred to as “batts.” Batts can be found on unfinished walls, floors, ceilings, and often between beams and studs.


Common Suppliers

  • Owens Corning
  • CertainTeed
  • Knauf
  • Johns Manville

Rigid Board

Rigid board insulationRigid board insulations are usually the exposed exterior insulations that you see on new buildings during construction. They can be made from foam polyurethane, polyisocyanurate, and polystyrene.

Rigid boards are often found in the exterior side of walls, studs, and are used to cover exposed foundation walls. They are often installed between sheathing and siding. Note that these can be installed on interior walls also and are great for compact and limited spaces.

Common Suppliers

  • Owens Corning Foamular
  • R-Max Thermasheath
  • Dow XPS

Mineral Wool

mineral wool distributorMineral wool is insulation made from melted basalt stone and recycled slag from steel mills. They can be produced into batts and boards, which makes them compatible with multiple installation options. They have numerous benefits from sound-proofing to water resistance. It’s a comparable product to a rigid board and fiberglass.

Common Suppliers

  • Owens Corning Thermafiber
  • Rockwool
  • Johns Manville SAFB


Acoustic insulations are lightweight, flexible fiberglass insulations. They are designated for sound-proofing and dampening sound transmission between walls. They are installed internally and often directly on the walls. You will want to learn more about STCs to pick your acoustic insulation.

Common Suppliers

  • Auralex
  • Owens Corning
  • Prosocoustic


pipe insulationMechanical insulation is used on piping, HVAC systems, boilers, ducts, and other mechanical industrial equipment.

The main purpose of these insulations is to protect hazardous exposure, conserve energy, insulate and regulate temperature, and often to provide condensation control.

Common Suppliers

  • Johns Manville

For most industrial work or even for mechanical equipment at home, it’s best to reach out to your local general insulation company or contractor to ensure proper installation.


blow in insulation fiberglassBlow-in insulation, also known as loose-fill insulation, is a process of filling cavities or large volumes of floors with loose insulation. Material. Some insulation material includes Styrofoam pellets and even pest control components.

These can be used in numerous applications, but often preferred for hard to cover cavities and a quick way to cover floors of attics.

Common Suppliers

  • GreenFiber
  • Certainteed Insulsage
  • Owens Corning L77
  • Johns Manville Climate Pro
  • Knauf Jet Stream Ultra

Insulation Supplies

To prepare for the insulation, you will need a list of some proper equipment and material.
First and foremost, you will want to protect yourself. A lot of insulation materials are irritants, so you will need gloves, safety glasses, protective clothes, and respiratory masks.

Additionally, you will need foam equipment for blow-in applications, and it will help to have blowers, vacs, and disposable kits.